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Arenal Volcano National Park, Costa Rica

Arenal Volcano National Park, Costa Rica

Arenal Volcano Tours

The Arenal Volcano is part of the Arenal Huetar Norte Conservation Area.

Officially created on September 26th , 1994 by an executive decree published in the official Gazette. The Arenal Volcano National Park had previously been a protected area but under different management categories. With an area of 12010.6 square hectares, the Arenal Volcano National Park is located in Guanacaste, and includes districts of San Carlos and San Ramon in the Providence of Alajuela.

The Arenal Volcano has had different names throughout the years: Arenal Hill, Sugar Bread, Basket Volcano, Costa Rica Volcano, Rio Frio Volcano, Agouti Hill. It is an impressive and beautiful strato-volcano with conic shape, located about seven kilometers northeast of la Fortuna, San Carlos.

The name of "Arenal" refers to the fact that lava decomposes through physical chemical processes into lithic sands, which afterwards deposited at the feet of the volcano makes frequent deposits of pyroclastic fluids

Arenal Volcano National Park Climate and Temperature

The Atlantic and the Pacific influences the Arenal Volcano National Park. There´s microclimate effect due to the volcanic structures that stop the trade winds causing strong local rainfall between 3 000 and 5 000 millimeters per year. The average temperature ranges between 16 and 24 grades Celsius.

Arenal Volcano National Park Altitude

The Arenal Volcano is named after the "Colossus" towering majestically at 1.633 meters a.s.l. The Chato Hill runs parallel at an approximate altitude of 1.110 meters a.s.l at the feet of Arenal Volcano, at 500 meters a.s.l , lies the Arenal Basin.

Arenal Volcano National Park Biodiversity

Some of the most exotic flora species includes trees such as Guayabo de monte, Tabacon, Ceibo, Cirri, Laurel, Fig tree, Pilon, Yellow Bark, Guarumo, Balsa and Cocobolo; and other species of palms, Heliconiae, Orquids, Ferns and Bromeliads, besides the endemic species of Peitcarmia funkiae.

Some of the Fauna species include Coati, Spotted cavies, Monkeys, different kinds of Serpents and frogs, besides birds like Trogons, Toucans, Paves, Humminbirds and Sergeants.

The Arenal Volcano National Park is a living laboratory of geologic wonder with a very complex development of biologic processes, ranging from pioneer vegetation to primary forests. The Arenal Volcano National Park is also important because it supplies 70% of all the water of the Arenal Basin.

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